The Emergence of Lexical Approach to EFL/ESL Learning

Speaker:Priyono| Location:Plenary Hall| Date:August 13, 2016| Time:9:15 - 10:00 am





This article is to shed light on understanding of the logical problems of ESL/EFL learning especially in Indonesia. It argues that a large part of language learning is on the acquisition of the lexicon, the words and their properties. Thus, a lexical entry would encode, among others, semantic (word meaning), syntactic (how the word should appear in sentences), and collocational properties (co-occurrence of a word with others). For example, the observation the verb pour would reveal those properties—meanings, syntactic structures, and co-occurring words (Priyono, 2013). Those properties are the conceptual structure of the verb pour that specify how it should appear in certain syntactic structures along with its meanings and what words that acceptably co-occur with (cf. Kaplan and Bresnan, 1982; Rappaport, et al, 1987; Zubizarreta, 1987).These built-in lexical properties are the determinant for a verb to behave in a peculiar way so as to distinguish it from the other words. Therefore, the acquisition of lexicon that a language learner has achieved is the competence that includes the knowledge of those lexical properties. The lexical approach to learning EFL or ESL would imply that the encoded structural aspects should be learned as an integral part of learning vocabulary, and the major part of an instructional program should provide the learners with optimal exposure to the target language.  Hence, it would render the teaching of grammar to some extent redundant.


Priyono is currently a lecturer at The University of Mataram. Earn a master degree from Michigan State University, and a Ph.D from Macquarie University, Sydney Australia. His major area is on Semantics and Psycholinguistics, and his latest publication is on Global Journal: Linguistics and Education, USA. “The Analysis of POUR: A Lesson Learned for understanding vocabulary.

Category: Day 3, Plenary Speakers