The Effectiveness of Direct and Indirect Teacher Written Corrective Feedback to Grammatical Errors in Thai Learners’ English Writing

Speaker:Apinya Manochphinyo ,Kok Eng Tan| Location:Room 15| Date:August 11, 2016| Time:4:00-4:30


Written corrective feedback (WCF) is a widely used tool for teachers in identifying grammatical errors on students’ written work. Two types of WCF that are generally used in teaching writing to help students improve their writing accuracy are, direct and indirect WCF. This paper reports a quasi-experimental study that was conducted to compare the effectiveness of direct and indirect teacher WCF in reducing Thai students’ grammatical errors in their English essays. The immediate and delayed effects of these two feedback types were also investigated. One hundred and twenty Thai undergraduate students who studied at two Thai government universities in southern Thailand were assigned to write English argumentative essays through a 10 week treatment period. After finishing each writing task, four ESL/ EFL lecturers in Department of English at the two government universities gave the feedback to the students. The findings revealed that both direct and indirect teacher WCF could not help the students in two groups improve their grammatical accuracy in English essays effectively within a short period of time. However, the students who received indirect WCF seemed to gain the long-term improvement in grammatical accuracy in their English essays better than the students who received direct WCF.

The findings have implications for improving writing accuracy in EFL contexts at the tertiary level.


(146) Apinya ManochphinyoApinya Manochphinyo, Ed.D.  is a lecturer of English at the School of Commerce and Management, Prince of Songkla University (PSU), Trang Campus. She teaches a variety of courses to undergraduate students. Her research interests are in writing pedagogy, language learning strategies and learner autonomy.


(146) Kok Eng TanTan Kok Eng, Ph.D.  is an Associate Professor at the School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Besides teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses she supervises Master’s and PhD students. Her research interests include English literacy, writing practices, ELT, TESOL and educational research. Her work has been published in both local and international journals. She is a reviewer of several journals as well as examiner of master’s and doctoral theses.


Category: Day 1 | August 11, 2016, Presenter Schedule